I folded a Paper Crane this morning.
In August 1945, during the final stage of the Second World War, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The two bombings, killed at least 129,000 people, remains the only use of nuclear weapons for warfare in history. To put this in perspective the Allied Fire Bombing of Dresden on February 13 – 15, 1945 is thought to have caused 22,000 to 169,000 deaths. The Fire bombing of Tokyo, March 9, 1945 was the deadiest single air attack in History, with 100- 200 thousand deaths in a single air attack.
World War II started not on December 7, 1941 with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. It did not start on September 1st 1939 When Germany invaded Poland, followed up by their Allies The Soviet Union on September 17th, 1939. World War II Started on September 18th 1931 when the Japanese initiated a staged false flag type of attack on a section of Railway line in Mukden. This was used as a pretext for the Invasion of Manchuria the next day, September 19th 1931. The Chinese Foreign Ministry issued a strong protest to the Japanese government and called for the immediate stop to Japanese military operations in Manchuria, and appealed to the League of Nations, on September 19. On October 24, the League of Nations passed a resolution mandating the withdrawal of Japanese troops, to be completed by November 16. However, Japan rejected the League of Nations resolution and insisted on direct negotiations with the Chinese government. Negotiations went on intermittently without much result.
On the January 28, 1932 a Japanese carrier aircraft bombed Shanghai in the first major aircraft carrier action in East Asia. Barbara W. Tuchman described this as also being “the first terror bombing of a civilian population of an era that was to become familiar with it”, preceding the German Condor Legion’s bombing of Guernica, Spain by five years. This became
known as the Shanghai Incident and lasted from January 28 – March 3, 1932. The Chinese 5th Army and 19th Route Army engaged the Japanese Shanghai Expeditionary Army, and resulted in about 7,000 military deaths plus 10-20 thousand Civilian deaths. The Second Sino-Japanese war continued to escalate and ultimately grew ito the Second World War.. The conflict between Japan and China engaged 5.6 Million Chinese and 4.1 Million Japanese troops until the surrender of the Japanese on VJ day, as a result of the Nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Estimates range from 2-3 Million Military deaths and an additional 17 – 22 Million Chinese Civilian Deaths. Had an invasion of the Japanese Homeland been necessary it has been estimated there would have been up to 4 Million American Casualties, (1 million estimated KIA, in the Truman Memoirs), and 5 – 10 Million Japanese Fatalities. I have found no estimates for the Soviet Casualties anticipated.
The horror and terror of nuclear war has been with us ever since August 6, 1945. Was the bombing of Hiroshima worth the cost?